When we last left off, Arjuna was learning more about the difference between actions that led to enlightenment and those that did not and how meditation played into that. In the 7th discourse of the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna starts to tell Arjuna about that nature of the world.
Up until now Arjuna has learned the path of devotion; of loving the lord and acting in such a way that is selfless and beneficial to the greater good. He tells Arjuna that very few people attempt to attain union with the lord, and even of those who try very few succeed. But the reality is that everything that is perceived to exist is nothing but the lord. It is through the lower nature of beings that we perceive duality. He goes on to say:
“I am the sapidity in water, O Arjuna! I am the light in the moon and the sun; I am thesyllable Om in all the Vedas, sound in ether, and virility in men.Of the strong, I am the strength devoid of desire and attachment, and in (all) beings, I am the desire unopposed to Dharma, O Arjuna!”
This illusion of duality is called maya in sanskrit. It is through the path of wisdom that one attains the realization that all matter, all that appears to be separate is an illusion. It is when one knows this to be true that one is freed from the cycle of death and rebirth.
The yoga of wisdom is considered to be a very high goal, beyond faith to an internal knowing of what is the true nature of the world. Through wisdom we know that there truly is no good or bad, there are only experiences. We know that nothing that we perceive is real in the sense of permanence, that nothing we experience is forever. Life is fleeting and it is only the part of us that is one with God that remains.